Duggan shows how the influence of moral and religious conservatism born out of sectarian divisions led to homophobia becoming an integral part of community cohesion and identity formation. Decades of political instability led to the marginalization of rights for lesbians and gay men, but the peace process has led to the development of a discourse of equality which is slowly allowing sexual minorities to situate themselves within the new Northern Ireland. Love has no gender. The worldwide problem are not the LGBT people. The extreme worldwide problem is the cruel male sexual violence against babies, childs, girls, women, boys and young men.
Patriarchy is murdering, torturing, raping and enslaving LGBT people since mankind exists. Men, because they can only think of women in sexual terms, define Lesbian as sex between women. The reason is, only in this kind patriarchy has a chance of a future.
Lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender - people are people. We must end worldwide this bad play forever and fight for a better future for our children and grandchildren. The most cruel violence ever is the violence against lesbians worldwide: They are often tortured and raped to death, but they are not worth in this world to get news about that in all media in the world. The sad case of of Sakia Gunn, U.
Gunn was killed for talking back. For declaring her lesbianism. For refusing to pretend to like men when she loved women. Saturday night had turned into Sunday morning. It was May 11, at about am when some men catcalled Gunn and her four friends as they waited at a bus stop. Maybe it was the company. Maybe she was just sick to death of men telling her what she should do with them instead of what she wanted to do with other girls.
But when the men propositioned the young women, they said no. Gunn was the most vociferous. The men—also black—were enraged that Gunn and her friends, all teenagers, none older than 17, had told them to screw off. They leapt from their car and chased the girls, getting into a physical fight with them, in the course of which the man who stabbed Gunn to death grabbed one of her friends by the throat and threatened to kill her. When Gunn tried to rescue her, she was stabbed in the chest. Gunn died of her stab wounds in the arms of her year-old cousin, Valencia Bailey, at University Hospital in Newark.
The girls were rushed to the hospital by a passing motorist they flagged down.
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The structured audience feedback sheets indicated that the research outputs had increased the public's understanding of the relationship between LGBTQ people and peace-building. Feedback also indicated that the project had stimulated greater interest in the use of Arts to enact social change. Co-presentation at public engagement events provided additional space for LGBTQ people to articulate their visions of peace in public arenas. This model of engagement with public audiences will be on-going.
Fidelma Ashe worked with faith groups during the last 6 months of the project to build consciousness around the relationship between faith and sexual and gender equality in Northern Ireland. She contacted clergy and lay members of the Churches involved in promoting LGBTQ equality and spoke to members of Church congregations. This work has led to the building of a team made up of people of faith and clergy to examine ways forward to increase public visibility of liberal perspectives within faith organisations and to raise awareness about the positive roles faith organisations can play in promotion LGBTQ equality and inclusion.
Impact work has been developed through utilizing input and guidance from the NGOs that supported the project. The focus group methodology followed the ethical protocols approved by Ulster University and Queen's University. The recruitment of participants was facilitated through the Rainbow Project, Focus: The Identity Trust and was also promoted through dissemination events. Each focus group employed a semi-structured discussion guide and lasted 1 hour 45 minutes on average.
Age categories ranged from 20 years old to 70 years old. The discussion guide was adapted in relation to age, location and participant availability. Participant availability resulted in the number of focus groups conducted with each regional group ranging from Data was recorded using a mix of note-taking and digital voice recording.
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Additional focus groups will be held throughout the duration of the project as the process of data analysis and interpretation continues. The focus group sessions covered the following thematic areas: 1 dominant and marginalised perspectives in envisaging peace 2 the inclusion and exclusion of LGBTQ people in Northern Ireland society before the Agreement 3 the inclusion and exclusion of LGBTQ people after the Agreement 4 the role of the institutions established or reformed after the Agreement in creating LGBTQ inclusion and exclusion 5 LGBTQ visions of an inclusive, peaceful society.
The data collected from the series of 14 focus groups indicated that before conservative social attitudes, conservative and often highly masculinised social institutions and the broader security situation had created an exceptionally difficult environment for LGBTQ people leading to feelings of social alienation, fear and insecurity.
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Focus group data indicated that from the perspective of LGBTQ people there had been advances in equality and social inclusion since the Agreement. However, participants also indicated that LGBTQ people had not gained equality or parity of esteem in terms of shaping the broader peace process.
Focus group data indicated that LGBTQ people continue to experience homophobia and trans-phobia in their everyday lives.
Book Queering Conflict: Examining Lesbian And Gay Experiences Of Homophobia In Northern Ireland
Focus group discussions suggested that LGBTQ people continue to experience discrimination in the labour market, the workplace, in churches, schools and in hospitals, and also in a variety of public spaces. In terms of the peace process the focus group data indicated that LGBTQ people view Northern Ireland as the least advanced region of the UK and as gradually falling behind the Republic of Ireland in terms of equality. Across the regional focus groups participants indicated a general lack of confidence in the capacity of key elements of the process of conflict transformation to create an inclusive and safe environment for LGBTQ people.
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Problems with policing, the persistence of paramilitary groups, the limitations of post equality legislation, and resistance to change by some politicians and civic society organisations were highlighted by the participants. Transgender people indicated additional issues relating to fear of social services, and a lack of understanding of transgender issues in the medical profession and in the broader society.
A set of difficulties pertaining to the process of transition were also highlighted. The focus group data indicated that participants envisaged a peaceful society as one in which social groups that had experienced historical forms of discrimination would be given parity of esteem, security and full equality. Self-help, lobbying and activism designed to create meaningful change emerged as the main road map for achieving these aspirations.
The development of resilience and investments in supporting others characterized the focus group population. The participants stressed that their preferred strategy for removing barriers to equality, inclusion and parity of esteem was education and forms of lobbying. We also recruited participants, managed travel, subsistence and accommodation, and highlighted the work of the gallery through the team's networks. Gander co-organised the series of workshops. She also organised and had oversight of the inclusion of the main photography outputs within the Outburst Festival.
The work of the gallery has been highlighted in our publications and reports. We will continue to collaborate in terms of dissemination activities with the Gallery. Collaborator Contribution Belfast Exposed procured an artist to produce the project's photographic images. They hosted the icebreaker event, provided workshop space, advertising materials and curated the final exhibition of photographs.
Impact Production of photographic images; series of workshops; photography exhibition and launch of the creative outputs. Dr Lehner is acting as Board Member to the company. Collaborator Contribution Dr Rea artistic director facilitated workshops for participants; he is also helping to plan to deliver post show discussions and workshops to evaluate audience response, and provides access to materials play scripts, feedback forms, recordings, etc. Following from focus groups, photography and performance workshops were hosted and facilitated by experienced professionals from Belfast Exposed and TheatreofplucK.
They were designed to generate a range of creative and discursive practices to give voice, visibility and reach to representative LGBTQ visions of peace. Now, open to the public in Belfast and beyond, and presented to several members of the Northern Ireland Assembly, the outcomes of the project aim for social and political impact on notions and narratives of peaceful, inclusive living. The project also runs in collaboration with The Rainbow Project and Outburst Queer Arts festival, and its reach will extend across communities to ensure that that which has been 'lost' can be 'found', and remain so.
No Geographic Reach Regional Primary Audience Study participants or study members Results and Impact Purpose: The information day was designed to enable potential participants to visit the venues where the creative workshops would be held, meet the facilitators and view some of the facilitators' work with LGBTQ people and groups. Moreover, the event enabled all potential participants to ask questions related to the creative workshops.
Activities: The researchers identified the overarching themes that emerged in the focus groups to provide a basis for thinking through the next stage of the research. The facilitators also provided short taster sessions of the activities that would be used in the creative workshops in each of the venues.
Outcomes: All participants provided feedback that indicated that the event had given them greater insight into the methods that would be utilized in the workshops. In terms of those who attended a very high proportion requested a place in the creative workshops. It seeks to bring research findings to the attention of key participants and decision-makers in the policy and law-making processes in Northern Ireland'.
Attendees include: MLAs and their staff; political party staff; Assembly and Departmental officials; others from the public and private sectors; academics; voluntary and community groups; and, members of the public. The blog provides a record of the process of developing the creative outputs and contact details for further information are provided. The photographs were also exhibited at venues during the tour of the play. Audiences were given structured feedback sheets that indicated that viewers increased their understanding of the LGBTQ visions of peace and the role of the creative arts in facilitating the creation and inclusion of those visions in public places.
The event was held in Belfast Exposed Gallery and included talks by the PI, the Visiting Artist and TheatreofPluck director during the opening of the photography exhibition.